Amartya Sen, one of the most famous researchers on the topic, has given an appropriate definition of poverty that completes Adam Smith’s approach.
For him, poverty is the lack of what one needs to live within a society.
In the broadest sense, it means survival but also contribution and participation to social daily activities.
(...) The United Nation’s Human Development Index is a good example since it's calculated with three values: income, life expectancy and literacy. Such answer to what is poverty helps us think about relative poverty, in opposition to absolute poverty , i.e. the total absence of the most basic needs (food, health care, shelter…) (...)
The most interesting examples of industrial district were born in Italy in the '70s, especially in Tuscany and Emilia Romagna, during a problematic period of the industrial development in the world, characterized by the crisis of the Fordist model and the beginning of the decentralized production.
Since now, they represented a succesful experience for italian economy.
This notebook focus on the importance of local economic development on supporting migrants initiatives aimed at either contributing to local development of the areas of origin, or facilitating their return.
The basic concept is migration an integral part of global and local development.
The diffusion of public private mode of governance is generally attributed to two different factors: one concerning the "crisis of the state" (Cassese 2002) and the other one concerning the increase in demand of participation by local communities...